White defines a phrase as, “the smallest musical unit that conveys a more or less complete musical thought. What counts is the sense of completeness we hear in the pitches not the notation on the page. Phrases are benward music in theory and practice pdf by the tonal functions of pitch.
A phrase is not pitches only but also has a rhythmic dimension, and further, each phrase in a work contributes to that work’s large rhythmic organization. Mozart – Piano Sonata in F, K. 332, first movement phrase group. File:Mozart – Piano Sonata in F, K. Discovering a work’s phrase rhythm is a gateway to its understanding and to effective performance. Techniques include overlap, lead-in, extension, expansion, reinterpretation and elision. A phrase with two phrase members in Haydn’s Trio no.
1 in G Major phrase member in sequence MIDI. New York: Oxford University Press. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. The Phrase Rhythm of Chopin’s A-flat Major Mazurka, Op. 2″ cited in Stein 2005.
Larousse, Davie 1966, 19 cited in Nattiez 1990. Larousse cited in Nattiez 1990. This page was last edited on 19 September 2017, at 01:46. This article is about the musical system.
The other tones in a tonal piece are all defined in terms of their relationship to the tonic. By the middle of the 20th century, it had become “evident that triadic structure does not necessarily generate a tone center, that non-triadic harmonic formations may be made to function as referential elements, and that the assumption of a twelve-tone complex does not preclude the existence of tone centers”. Musical phenomena perceived or preinterpreted in terms of the categories of tonal theories. To function as a tonic, a chord must be either a major or a minor triad. Dominant function requires a major-quality triad with a root a perfect fifth above the affiliated tonic and containing the leading tone of the key. This dominant triad must be preceded by a chord progression that establishes the dominant as the penultimate goal of a motion that is completed by moving on to the tonic.
A dominant seventh chord always consist of a major triad with an added minor seventh above the root. The last of these progressions is characterized by “retrograde” harmonic motion. C Major, commonly-used chords will included d minor, F Major, G Major, etc. C Major, this would be a G dominant seventh chord, or G7 chord, which contains the pitches G, B, D and F. The larger portion of the world’s folk and art music can be categorized as tonal,” as long as the definition is as follows: “Tonal music gives priority to a single tone or tonic.